Rubies are the birthstone for July and they are also the gemstone to celebrate a 15th or a 40th anniversary. Rubies have historically been called “the stone of love,” due to their deep, rich red color that indicates passion. They are worn to protect a person from enemies by the Hindus. (Reported in the American Gem Society Blog https://americangemsocietyblog.org/tag/fun-facts-about-rubies/). In the Wizard of OZ, Dorothy’s ruby red slippers were thought to protect her from evil. An additional, interesting fact is that rubies are mentioned four times in the Bible.
Emeralds are the birthstone for May. Just as spring is a time of renewal, emeralds are considered a stone of renewal. Emeralds have one of the most lustrously deep, green color of all the green gemstones. It is considered a “precious” gemstone. It has been prized for centuries and described as “nothing greens greener” by Pliny the Elder.
Diamonds are the hardest stones on earth. They take millions of years to form and need an exact amount of heat and pressure to take a piece of coal and make it a hard, clear, and brilliant diamond. It is thought that their pure white light helps to meld the various parts of our life in one cohesive unit.
Aquamarine is from two Latin words: aqua which means water; and marina which means of the sea. As a result, aquamarine is a stone that evokes all of the mysteries and blessings of the sea. It was considered a “sailor’s gem” and thought to provide protection from danger and to give victory in battle.